Unix/Linux File and Directory Commands

cat

Creating the new file

Display content of the file

Concatenating more than one file

Appending data to the existing file

cp – Copy contents from a file to another file(source to destination)

mv

Renaming a file(changing name of the file)

Renaming a directory

Moves files from one directory to another directory

rm – Delete/remove a file or directory (only if directory is empty).

[youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CHwvJpZ2BTg]

mkdir – create directories and subdirectories.

mkdir testdir

create multiple directories at one time:

 mkdir testdir1 testdir2 testdir3

create several subdirectories at one time:

 mkdir -p world/countries/states

——————————————————————-

cd – changing/closing directory

cd ..    : go back to one level

cd /testdir1/testdir2/testdir3 → changing directory

pwd  :  it prints present directory

cd ~     Move to users home directory from anywhere.

——————————————————————

rmdir – Remove the directory if it is empty (works only if directory empty)

 

rmdir world      // error

rm -r world

rmdir testdir1 testdir2 testdir3

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *